I'm going to have a pretty simple idea that I'm just going to tell you over and over until I get you to believe it, and that is all of us are makers. I really believe that. All of us are makers. We're born makers. We have this ability to make things, to grasp things with our hands. We use words like 'grasp' metaphorically to also think about understanding things. We don't just live, but we make; we create things. Well I'm going to show you a group of makers from Maker Faire and various places. It doesn't come out particularly well, but that's a particularly tall bicycle. It's a scraper bike, it's called -- from Oakland. And this is a particularly small scooter for a gentleman of this size. But he's trying to power it, or motorize it, with a drill. (Laughter) And the question he had is, "Can I do it? Can it be done?" Apparently it can. So makers are enthusiasts, they're amateurs, they're people who love doing what they do. They don't always even know why they're doing it.
We have begun organizing makers at our Maker Faire. There was one held in Detroit here last summer, and it will be held again next summer, at the Henry Ford. But we hold them in San Francisco -- (Applause) -- and in New York. And it's a fabulous event to just meet and talk to these people who make things and are there to just show them to you and talk about them and have a great conversation.
（影片）Richard Carter：我是Richard Carter，這是生魚片會幕合唱團。
(Video) Guy: I might get one of those.
Dale Dougherty: These are electric muffins.
Guy: Where did you guys get those?
Muffin: Will you glide with us? (Guy: No.)
DD: I know Ford has new electric vehicles coming out. We got there first.
Lady: Will you glide with us?
DD: This is something I call swinging in the rain. And you can barely see it, but it's -- a controller at top cycles the water to fall just before and after you pass through the bottom of the arc. So imagine a kid: "Am I going to get wet? Am I going to get wet? No, I didn't get wet. Am I going to get wet? Am I going to get wet?" That's the experience of a clever ride. And of course, we have fashion. People are remaking things into fashion. I don't know if this is called a basket bra, but it ought to be something like that. We have art students getting together, taking old radiator parts and doing an iron pour to make something new out of it. They did that in the summer, and it was very warm.
Now this one takes a little bit of explaining. You know what those are, right? Billy-Bob, or Billy Bass, or something like that. Now the background is the guy who did this is a physicist. And here he'll explain a little bit about what it does.
(Video) Richard Carter: I'm Richard Carter, and this is the Sashimi Tabernacle Choir.
Choir: ♫ When you hold me in your arms ♫
RC: This is all computer controlled in an old Volvo.
Choir: ♫ I'm hooked on a feelin' ♫ ♫ I'm high on believin' ♫ ♫ That you're in love with me ♫
DD: So Richard came up from Houston last year to visit us in Detroit here and show the wonderful Sashimi Tabernacle Choir. So, are you a maker? How many people here would say you're a maker, if you raise your hand? That's a pretty good -- But there's some of you out there that won't admit that you're makers. And again, think about it. You're makers of food, you're makers of shelter, you're makers of lots of different things. And partly what interests me today, is you're makers of your own world, and particularly the role that technology has in your life. You're really a driver or a passenger, to use a Volkswagen phrase. Makers are in control. That's what fascinates them; that's why they do what they do. They want to figure out how things work, they want to get access to it, and they want to control it; they want to use it to their own purpose.
Makers today, to some degree, are out on the edge. They're not mainstream. They're a little bit radical. They're a bit subversive in what they do. But at one time, it was fairly commonplace to think of yourself as a maker. It was not something you'd even remark upon. And I found this old video. And I'll tell you more about it, but just ...
(Video) Narrator: Of all things Americans are, we are makers. With our strengths and our minds and spirit, we gather, we form, and we fashion -- makers and shapers and put-it-togetherers.
這是Andrew Archer，我在號召Maker Faire盛會的其中一場社區會議中遇見Andrew，Andrew已從明尼蘇達州的德盧斯搬到底特律，我跟他媽媽談過，最後我為一本叫《Kidrobot》的雜誌寫了他的故事。他是一個在成長過程中，玩工具而不是玩具的孩子。他喜歡拆東西，他媽媽給他部分車庫空間，他搜集舊貨拍賣物品並製造東西。他並不特別喜歡上學，但他參加了機器人競賽，意識到自己擁有天賦。更重要的是，他對這個確實懷抱熱情。他開始製造機器人，當我坐在他旁邊時，他向我述說他成立的一家公司。他正為汽車工廠製造機器人，用來在汽車廠房搬運東西，這就是為什麼他搬到密西根州。但他也搬到這裡，與跟他有相同作為的人見面，這多少代表了現今這個重要觀點。
DD: So it goes on to show you people making things out of wood, a grandfather making a ship in a bottle, a woman making a pie -- somewhat standard fare of the day. But it was a sense of pride that we made things, that the world around us was made by us. It didn't just exist; we made it, and we were connected to it that way. And I think that's tremendously important. Now I'm going to tell you one funny thing about this. This particular reel -- it's an industrial video -- but it was shown in drive-in theaters in 1961 -- in the Detroit area, in fact -- and it preceded Alfred Hitchcock's "Psycho." (Laughter) So I like to think there was something going on there of the new generation of makers coming out of this plus "Psycho."
This is Andrew Archer. I met Andrew at one of our community meetings putting together Maker Faire. Andrew had moved to Detroit from Duluth, Minnesota. And I talked to his mom, and I ended up doing a story on him for a magazine called Kidrobot. He's just a kid that grew up playing with tools instead of toys. He liked to take things apart. His mother gave him a part of the garage, and he collected things from yard sales, and he made stuff. And then he didn't particularly like school that much, but he got involved in robotics competitions, and he realized he had a talent, and, more importantly, he had a real passion for it. And he began building robots. And when I sat down next to him, he was telling me about a company he formed, and he was building some robots for automobile factories to move things around on the factory floor. And that's why he moved to Michigan. But he also moved here to meet other people doing what he's doing. And this kind of gets to this important idea today.
This is Jeff and Bilal and several others here in a hackerspace. And there's about three hackerspaces or more in Detroit. And there's probably even some new ones since I've been here last. But these are like clubs. They're sharing tools, sharing space, sharing expertise in what to make. And so it's a very interesting phenomenon that's going across the world. But essentially these are people that are playing with technology. Let me say that again -- playing. They don't necessarily know what they're doing or why they're doing it. They're playing to discover what the technology can do, and probably to discover what they can do themselves, what they're own capabilities are.
Now the other thing that I think is taking off, another reason making is taking off today, is there's some great new tools out there. And you can't see this very well on the screen, but Arduino: Arduino is an open-source hardware platform. It's a micro-controller. If you don't know what those are, they're just the brains. So they're the brains of maker projects. And here's an example of one. And I don't know if you can see it that well, but that's a mailbox -- so an ordinary mailbox and an Arduino. So you figure out how to program this, and you put this in your mailbox. And when someone opens your mailbox, you get a notification, an alert message goes to your iPhone. Now that could be a dog door, it could be someone going somewhere where they shouldn't, like a little brother into a little sister's room. There's all kinds of different things that you can imagine for that.
Now here's something -- a 3D printer. That's another tool that's really taken off -- really, really interesting. This is Makerbot. And there are industrial versions of this -- about $20,000. These guys came up with a kit version for $750. And that means that hobbyists and ordinary folks can get a hold of this and begin playing with 3D printers. Now they don't know what they want to do with it, but they're going to figure it out. They will only figure it out by getting their hands on it and playing with it. One of the coolest things is, Makerbot sent out an upgrade, some new brackets for the box. Well you printed out the brackets and then replaced the old brackets with the new ones. Isn't that cool?
So makers harvest technology from all the places around us. This is a radar speed detector that was developed from a Hotwheels toy. And they do interesting things. They're really creating new areas and exploring areas that you might only think -- The military is doing drones. Well, there is a whole community of people building autonomous airplanes, or vehicles -- something that you could program to fly on its own, without a stick or anything, to figure out what path it's going. Fascinating work they're doing.
We just had an issue on space exploration, DIY space exploration. This is probably the best time in the history of mankind to love space. You could build your own satellite and get it into space for like $8,000. Think how much money and how many years it took NASA to get satellites into space. In fact, these guys actually work for NASA, and they're trying to pioneer using off-the-shelf components, cheap things that aren't specialized that they can combine and send up into space.
製造者是創新的來源，我認為它與過去某些東西有關，像個人電腦產業的誕生。這是Steve Wozniak，他在哪學電腦？這是車庫電腦俱樂部，像駭客空間一樣，他說，「我可以去那裡一整天，與人們交談，並免費分享想法。」嗯，他確實還蠻自在的。但重要的是要理解，我們很多產業的起源，甚至像Henry Ford博物館，概念都來自玩樂並集體理解事物。
Makers are a source of innovation, and I think it relates back to something like the birth of the personal computer industry. This is Steve Wozniak. Where does he learn about computers? It's the Homebrew Computer Club -- just like a hackerspace. And he says, "I could go there all day long and talk to people and share ideas for free." Well he did a little bit better than free. But it's important to understand that a lot of the origins of our industries -- even like Henry Ford -- come from this idea of playing and figuring things out in groups.
Well, if I haven't convinced you that you're a maker, I hope I could convince you that our next generation should be makers, that kids are particularly interested in this, in this ability to control the physical world and be able to use things like micro-conrollers and build robots. And we've got to get this into schools, or into communities in many, many ways -- the ability to tinker, to shape and reshape the world around us. There's a great opportunity today -- and that's what I really care about the most -- the answer to the question: What will America make? It's more makers.
Thank you very much.